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How Trauma Affects Your Relationships: Navigating the Impact of Past Wounds

Updated: Jul 1, 2023

Childhood trauma affects your relationships and leaves an indelible mark on our lives. It shapes not only our individual experiences but also the way we engage in relationships. The intricate ways in which childhood trauma affects our connections with others can be profound and far-reaching. In this article, we will explore the complex dynamics between childhood trauma and relationships, shedding light on the challenges survivors face and offering insights into healing and building healthier connections. An important side note is that, although unintentionally, these are all perfect examples of how we subconsciously recreate our trauma, or trauma environment.

Whether we are in the emotional or literal role of the abused again by being with someone with these traits, or in a role-reversal way where we now are the ones bringing these traits into a relationship. It is not a pleasant thought, but it is important to acknowledge so that we may identify and then modify any unhealthy habits that will hinder our healing.

two people holding hands while riding bikes, silhouetted against a purple background at dusk

Trust and Intimacy:

Childhood trauma can profoundly impact our ability to trust and form intimate connections. Survivors of trauma often develop a heightened sense of mistrust as a protective mechanism. They may struggle with vulnerability, fearing the potential for emotional pain or abandonment. Rebuilding trust and cultivating intimacy requires patience, open communication, and creating a safe environment where survivors feel heard and supported.

Example 1: In a relationship, Lisa, who has experienced childhood trauma, struggles with trust and intimacy. She constantly doubts her partner's intentions and feels the need to protect herself from potential emotional pain or abandonment. Lisa frequently questions her partner's loyalty and becomes anxious when they spend time apart. She finds it difficult to share her deepest thoughts and fears, fearing judgment or rejection. As a result, their relationship lacks emotional depth and intimacy, and communication becomes strained. The constant skepticism and fear hinder the growth of trust and prevent them from developing a deeper connection.

Example 2: John, who has a history of childhood trauma, finds it challenging to trust and be vulnerable in his relationship. He often shuts down emotionally and withdraws when faced with intimacy. John has difficulty expressing his needs and fears, fearing that they will be dismissed or criticized. He constantly feels on guard, expecting his partner to betray him. This leads to frequent misunderstandings and a lack of emotional closeness. John's partner tries to create a safe and supportive environment, but the deeply ingrained trust issues make it difficult to bridge the gap and establish a solid foundation of trust and intimacy.

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Attachment Styles:

Childhood trauma can influence our attachment styles, which determine how we approach and relate to others. Some survivors may develop an anxious attachment style, characterized by a fear of abandonment and a constant need for reassurance. Others may adopt an avoidant attachment style, keeping emotional distance and avoiding closeness. Understanding our attachment style and its origins can help us recognize and address patterns that hinder healthy relationships.

Example 1: Sarah, who experienced childhood trauma, has developed an anxious attachment style in relationships. She constantly seeks reassurance and validation from her partner, fearing abandonment. Sarah becomes easily overwhelmed with anxiety when her partner doesn't respond promptly to her messages or when they spend time apart. She often becomes clingy and excessively dependent on her partner for emotional support. This constant need for reassurance and fear of rejection can strain the relationship, as her partner may feel suffocated or unable to meet Sarah's endless demands for attention and validation.

Example 2: Michael, who has a history of childhood trauma, exhibits an avoidant attachment style in relationships. He is uncomfortable with emotional intimacy and tends to distance himself from his partner. Michael avoids expressing his needs or showing vulnerability, as he fears being hurt or engulfed. He often retreats into isolation when conflicts arise, preferring to suppress emotions rather than address them. This avoidance of closeness can lead to feelings of neglect and frustration in his partner, who may long for a deeper emotional connection. Michael's fear of intimacy and tendency to keep his partner at arm's length can hinder the growth and stability of the relationship.

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Emotional Regulation:

Childhood trauma can disrupt our emotional regulation skills, leading to challenges in managing emotions within relationships. Survivors may struggle with heightened emotional reactivity, difficulty expressing needs, or shutting down emotionally as a defense mechanism. Building emotional intelligence and learning healthy coping strategies can support emotional regulation, allowing for healthier and more balanced interactions.

Example 1: Alex, who experienced childhood trauma, struggles with emotional regulation in relationships. When triggered by certain situations or discussions, Alex tends to have intense emotional outbursts or shuts down completely. They may become overwhelmed with anger, sadness, or fear, and find it challenging to communicate effectively during these moments. This can create a volatile and unpredictable dynamic in the relationship, as their partner may feel uncertain about how to navigate these emotional episodes. It becomes crucial for both partners to work on developing healthy coping mechanisms and finding strategies to manage emotions in order to maintain a stable and supportive relationship.

Example 2: Emily, who has a history of childhood trauma, faces difficulties regulating her emotions within her relationship. She often suppresses her feelings or avoids addressing them altogether. Emily may struggle to express her needs and desires, fearing potential rejection or conflict. As a result, she may appear distant or disconnected from her partner, leaving them feeling confused and unable to understand her emotional state. This lack of emotional expression and regulation can hinder the growth of intimacy and prevent effective communication. Both partners need to create a safe and non-judgmental space where Emily feels comfortable expressing her emotions and work together to develop healthy emotional regulation skills.

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Communication and Boundaries:

Childhood trauma can impact our communication patterns and ability to set boundaries. Survivors may struggle with assertiveness, fearing conflict or rejection. They may also have difficulty expressing their needs or asserting personal boundaries. Developing effective communication skills, learning to express emotions and needs clearly, and establishing healthy boundaries are essential for fostering healthier relationships.

Example 1: In a relationship, Jake, who has experienced childhood trauma, struggles with communication and setting boundaries. When his partner tries to discuss sensitive topics or express their needs, Jake becomes defensive and shuts down, fearing conflict or rejection. He may avoid difficult conversations altogether or withdraw emotionally, leaving his partner feeling unheard and frustrated. Additionally, Jake may have difficulty recognizing and asserting his own boundaries, as he has been conditioned to prioritize others' needs over his own. This can lead to a power imbalance and a lack of mutual respect in the relationship. Both partners need to work on developing effective communication skills and establishing clear boundaries that promote open dialogue and respect.

Example 2: Samantha, who has a history of childhood trauma, faces communication and boundaries issues within her relationship. She struggles to express her emotions and needs clearly, often resorting to passive-aggressive behavior or giving mixed signals. Samantha also has difficulty recognizing and enforcing her personal boundaries, leading to a sense of being taken advantage of or overwhelmed. Her partner may feel confused by her indirect communication style and frustrated by the lack of clarity in their dynamic. To address these issues, Samantha and her partner need to actively work on fostering open and honest communication, practicing assertiveness, and establishing healthy boundaries that honor both individuals' needs.

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Triggers and Flashbacks:

Childhood trauma can trigger emotional and sensory memories, leading to flashbacks or intense emotional responses. These triggers can disrupt relationships and cause misunderstandings if not properly understood and addressed. Creating a safe space for open communication, identifying triggers, and developing strategies for managing and supporting each other during triggering moments can help mitigate their impact on relationships.

Example 1: Rachel, who experienced childhood trauma, often has triggers and flashbacks that affect her in the context of her relationship. During an argument with her partner, they raise their voice, unintentionally reminding Rachel of the abusive environment she grew up in. In an instant, she is transported back to that traumatic experience, experiencing intense fear and panic. She may dissociate or shut down emotionally, making it challenging for her partner to understand and respond to her needs. Rachel's triggers and flashbacks can lead to communication breakdowns and heightened tension in the relationship, requiring patience, empathy, and open dialogue to navigate these sensitive moments.

Example 2: Mark, who has a history of childhood trauma, frequently experiences triggers and flashbacks that impact his relationship. One evening, his partner surprises him by playfully jumping out from behind a door, causing Mark to have a sudden and intense flashback to a traumatic event. He becomes overwhelmed with fear and enters a state of hypervigilance, perceiving his partner as a threat momentarily. Mark's partner, unaware of his triggers, may feel confused or hurt by his sudden change in behavior. To support Mark, they need to create a safe space for him to express his feelings, reassure him of their love and safety, and work together on developing strategies to navigate and manage triggers and flashbacks when they arise.

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Healing and Growth:

Healing from childhood trauma and building healthier relationships requires compassion, patience, and professional support if needed. Recognizing the impact of trauma, seeking therapy or counseling, and engaging in self-care practices can support the healing process. Building resilience, fostering self-compassion, and surrounding oneself with understanding and supportive individuals can create a solid foundation for personal growth and healthier relationship dynamics.

It is said that being in a relationship with someone who is traumatized, or "has issues" is an abusive relationship and should be avoided at all cost; however that is not always the case. There are many people who are not able to deal with their trauma, and who often resort to unhealthily and harmful coping methods. While this can include abuse to a partner, and it is very important to be aware of this kind of person (and not go into relationships with an "I can fix them" mentality), it is also possible to have a healthy and supportive relationship with a traumatized partner.

To have this type of relationship, it is imperative that both parties communicate their needs and their struggles as soon in the relationship as possible. Being open and honest about your past (to the best of your ability), and being committed to healing, is the only way of making a relationship work when one or both individuals have experienced trauma. Here are some examples of what a healthy relationship can look like when one or both individuals are traumatized.

Example 1: In a relationship, Sarah and David are both survivors of childhood trauma, and they are committed to healing and growth together. They prioritize their individual therapy sessions to address their traumas and learn healthy coping mechanisms. They engage in open and honest communication, sharing their experiences, triggers, and needs. They actively support each other, providing comfort and understanding during difficult moments. Together, they create a safe and nurturing environment where healing can take place. Through their shared journey, they gradually develop a stronger sense of self-awareness, resilience, and emotional regulation. Their relationship becomes a source of healing, allowing them to heal old wounds, grow as individuals, and foster a deep and intimate connection built on trust and empathy.

Example 2: Lisa, who has experienced childhood trauma, is in a relationship with Alex, who is committed to supporting her healing and growth. Lisa attends therapy to work through her trauma, and Alex actively participates in her healing process by attending therapy sessions together, reading books on trauma recovery, and educating themselves about her specific needs. They engage in regular check-ins to discuss any triggers or challenges they may face individually or as a couple. Lisa feels safe and supported, and over time, she begins to let go of her past trauma's grip on her daily life. As Lisa heals, she becomes more open to vulnerability and experiences an increased capacity for trust and intimacy. Through their shared commitment to healing, Lisa and Alex grow together as a couple, creating a foundation of empathy, understanding, and resilience that strengthens their bond.

a couple leaning on each other with candles, watching the city below at sunset

Childhood trauma leaves an enduring imprint on our relationship patterns and interactions. However, understanding the intricate ways trauma affects relationships empowers us to navigate these challenges with greater awareness and empathy. By investing in our healing, cultivating self-compassion, and fostering open and honest communication, we can forge healthier and more fulfilling connections, ultimately breaking free from the chains of our past and embracing the potential for healing, growth, and love.

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Healing Hope


For as long as I can remember, I have been depressed and suicidal with self harm tendencies. I thought I was crazy. Why did I feel this way when I'd had a generally normal childhood, with good and loving parents? I had no idea that this was not the full story. As I gradually slipped into my twenties, I started unearthing the horrors of my childhood, and I still am. There are a lot of things I still cannot accept-  and if I am honest, I often loose hope. That's why I want to spread information and my experiences, to hopefully create a community that supports each other, and heals our broken hope. Together walking this treacherous journey of healing from childhood trauma and abuse; this climb to safety and a healthy mind.


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